Nutrition and Physical Activity


The World Health Organization defines nutrition as the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs. Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity.


Physical Activity

WHO defines physical activity as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure – including activities undertaken while working, playing, carrying out household chores, travelling, and engaging in recreational pursuits.

The term "physical activity" should not be confused with "exercise", which is a subcategory of physical activity that is planned, structured, repetitive, and aims to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness. Both, moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity brings health benefits.

Topics Covered:

  • Essential nutrients

  • Healthy diet

  • Correlation of healthy eating and physical activity

  • Unhealthy diets/lack of physical activity and negative effects

  • Diabetes, high blood pressure/cholesterol, obesity, heart disease,

  • Eating disorders

Unit Planning Organizer


Subject          Health

Grade             8th

Unit                Nutrition and Physical Activity

Pacing            3 Class periods



Essential Question(s):

  • What is the importance of being both physically active and maintaining a healthy diet?
  • How will physical activity help me now and in the future?
  • Describe the symptoms and risks of eating disorders? How does ones self image impact possible eating disorders?


    Big Idea(s):

  • The influence of society, media, technology and culture on healthy eating and exercise habits.
  • Resources and practices on making healthy food choices.
  • Positive affects that exercising regularly can have on ones body and life.



CT State Standards (Comprehensive School Health Standards):

C.S.H Standard 2
Demonstrate the ability to access valid health information and health-promoting products and services.

C.S.H Standard 3
Demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors to reduce health risks.

C.S.H Standard 4
Analyze the influence of culture, media, technology and other factors on health.

C.S.H Standard 6
Demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health.

C.S.H Standard 12
Achieve and maintain a health- enhancing level of physical fitness.

C.S.H Standard 14
Value physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self- expression and/or social interaction.




Appropriate strategies

Apply (Use to enhance health)


Reduce health risks

Understand (How to reduce risks)


Potential health problems

Evaluate (Actions to prevent)



Evaluate (Make decisions)


Responsibility for personal health behaviors

Apply/Understand (Knowledge and understanding of self)


Factors of influence: media, technology, culture, peers, etc.

Understand (To use in correct manner, use positively)




Topics covered/vocabulary:


Nutrition, Essential nutrients, Physical activity, Importance of being active, Importance of maintaining a healthy diet, Negative health risks/affects of unhealthy diets/lack of physical activity, Diabetes, High blood pressure, Obesity, Heart disease, Eating disorders