Grades 6-8 Fitness

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Revised September 2010

Subject  Physical Education                            

Grade  6-8

Unit:  Fitness                         

Pacing:   15-30

Essential Question(s):

  • Why do we need to learn these exercises?
  • Why do we need to plan a fitness program?
  • What is the point of working out and eating healthy?

Big Idea(s):

  • These exercises will help us stay healthy.
  • To help us safely reach our personal best.
  • Physical activity and diet plays an important role in our health.

CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)


  • M.11.2. Apply an understanding of the connections between the purposes of movements and their effect on fitness.
  • M.12.4 Plan a wellness program demonstrating an understanding of basic exercise (e.g., frequency, intensity, duration) and nutritional principles designed to meet personal wellness goals
  • M.14.6. Demonstrate the willingness to attempt a variety of new physical activities.


  • M.10.1. Demonstrate an understanding of what the body does, where the body moves, how the body performs the movement and relationships that occur in increasingly more complex movement and game forms
  • M.12.1 Demonstrate the skills and knowledge to assess levels of physical fitness and participate in activities that develop and maintain each component
  • M.12.2. Assess physiological responses to exercise associated with one’s level of physical fitness and nutritional balance

“Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)




  • Connection/Purpose of movement
  • Effect on fitness


  • Exercise


    • Frequency
    • Intensity
    • Duration


  • Physical Activities (Attempt)





  • Apply an understanding of the purpose of movement and effect on fitness




  • Plan wellness program
  • Demonstrating basic exercise
    • Frequency
    • Intensity
    • Duration
    • Nutritional principles
    • Willingness to attempt physical activities



















Instructional Planning

Suggested Resources/Materials:


  • Circuit Training using a weight room with the following equipment
    •  5 upper body life fitness machines
    •  4 lower body machines
    •  1 abdominal machine
    •  6 stationary bikes
  • Space for exercises which require no equipment (push-up, curl-ups, planks, squats etc..)
    •  Free weights can also be used if available
  • NASPE, Physical Best Activity Guide. Middle and High School Levels (Second Edition).
  • NASPE, Physical Education for Lifelong Fitness, The Physical Best Teacher’s Guide.

Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

  • Identifying similarities and difference
  • Reinforcing effort and providing recognition
  • Practice
  • Cooperative learning
  • Setting objective and providing feedback
  • Generating and testing hypothesis
  • Cue, questions, and advance organizers


Vocabulary/Word Wall


Interdisciplinary Connections

Cardiovascular endurance


Muscular endurance

Body composition

Muscular Strength

Core training

Circuit training





Peer teaching/ Coaching


Teacher Assistant


Working with health dept

-          Physical activity extend life

-          Activity burns calories

-          Heart rate measurements