Grade 8 Unit 5 A Nation Divided

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Subject - U.S. History                                                       

Grade - 8th

Unit – A Nation Divided                                                   

Pacing – April -June

Essential Question(s):

1.     What were the causes of the Civil War?

2.     What issues separated the North and South?

3.     Compare and contrast the Revolutionary War and Civil War.

Big Idea(s):

1.     The South’s secession and use of slavery cause the Civil War.

2.     The North and South had different viewpoints and ways of life.

3.     There are similarities and differences between the American Revolution and the Civil War.

CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)

1.1.1  Describe examples of conflicts that have been resolved through compromise.

1.1.5  Define the causes of the Civil War.

1.3.1  Describe the influence of the slave trade on American social institutions.

1.8.1  Analyze the effect of the U.S. Constitution on the lives of U.S. citizens.

1.9.3   Analyze points where rights and responsibilities of citizens are in conflict.

1.12.2  Analyze how trade impacted nationalism and sectionalism in American history.

1.13.1  Compare similarities and differences of ethic/cultural groups in the U.S.  (e.g., beliefs, values, traditions) and their impact on American social systems.

1.13.2  Analyze the contributions of and challenges to different cultural/ethnic groups in the U.S. over time.

2.1   Gather information from historical maps.

2.2.3  Analyze maps and charts to support conclusions about historical events.

3.1.1  Compare and contrast two or more interpretations of a historical event.

3.2.1  Analyze the range of options available to an individual in a historical situation

3.2.2  Use evidence to describe why people might have different points of view on a historical or contemporary issue.

“Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)







Causes of the Civil War


















Common Formative Pre- Assessment (Followed by Data Team Analysis):

See Pre-Assessment A Nation Divided


“Dipsticks” (Informal Progress Monitoring Checks):

Will be created individually at the discretion of the classroom teacher.


Common Formative Post- Assessment (Followed by Data Team Analysis):

See Post-Assessment A Nation Divided


Instructional Planning

Suggested Resources/Materials:

“The American Nation” Ch. 16-17


“Race to Freedom”


“Gone with the Wind”


“Uncle Tom’s Cabin

 Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

Note taking

Historical non-fiction reading

Graphic organizers


Vocabulary/Word Wall



Popular sovereignty

Civil war






Martial law






Boarder state

Total war

Habeas corpus

Abraham Lincoln

Fredrick Douglass

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Henry Clay

Stephen Douglass

Robert E. Lee

Ulysses S. Grant

John Brown

Boarder Ruffians

Bleeding Kansas

Compromises of 1820, 1850

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Dred Scott

Republican party

Charles Sumner

Fugitive Slave Law

Election of 1860

Fort Sumter

The United States of America




Civil War Paper Dolls

Civil War 3D Project and Report

Civil War Magazines


Interdisciplinary Connections

Art – Civil War paper Dolls

Art and English – Civil War Magazines