Carbon Chemistry

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Subject:  Integrated Science                  

 Grade:  10

Unit:   3 Carbon chemistry (9.5)                    

 Pacing:   4 weeks

Essential Question(s):

  1. What makes carbon so special?
  2. What determines whether you will get carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, or carbon as one of the products of hydrocarbon combustion?
  3. If polymers exist in nature, what is the benefit of creating others in a laboratory?
  4. What allows plastics to be so versatile?

Big Idea(s):

  1. Carbon is very unique in the element world in that it can form four bonds with other elements.
  2. The complete combustion of hydrocarbon forms carbon dioxide and water as the products; incomplete combustion results in carbon monoxide or carbon to be included as a product.
  3. Polymers are found in living organisms and their structure has been replicated in the laboratory to enhance their function for human use.

4. The structure of a polymer affects its properties.

CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)

Explain why carbon is forms so many different compounds based on its structure

Describe the combustion reactions of hydrocarbons and identify resulting by-products

Investigate carbon based polymers and explain their general formation and structure

Explain how the chemical structure of polymers influences physical properties

Compare and contrast the structure of organic and inorganic compounds.

Explain the difference between alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes

Discuss the structure of hydrocarbons—chains, rings, and branched chains

Describe the process of incomplete combustion and its products

Discuss the dangers of incomplete combustion

Compare and contrast monomers and polymers

Discuss natural vs synthetic polymers

Explain the relationship between tensile strength in polymers and the bonding found between the molecules

Identify the three major structures of polymers (linear, branched, and cross-linked) and explain the characteristics of each

 “Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)

BL

Carbon structure

Compounds

 

 

Combustion

Hydrocarbon

 

 

Byproduct

 

 

 

Explain   

 

 

 

Describe    

 

 

 

Identify       

 

2

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

Instructional Planning

 

Suggested Resources/Materials:

Smart board

United Streaming

Text/notes

PowerPoint

Readings

Text

Lab equipment

EEEP sheet (exciting example of everyday phenomena) 

Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

Interactive use of technology

Graphic organizers

Direct instruction

Cooperative group work

Hands-on learning

Independent classwork

Demonstrations 

Jigsaw activity/ student presentations 

 

Vocabulary/Word Wall

Enrichment/Extension

Interdisciplinary Connections

organic

inorganic compound

alkane, alkene, alkyne

hydrocarbon

saturated / unsaturated

chain

ring

monomer

polymer

natural polymer

synthetic polymer

tensile strength

linear

branched

cross-linked

 

Link monomers to form polymers

Matching plastics with molecular structure

Classification chart (polymer structure/complete and incomplete combustion and coal/NG and petrol)

Lecture/notes/discussion

Q &A 

History of pollution and environmental legislation