Periodic Table

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Subject:   Integrated Science                  

 Grade:   10

Unit 2:   Periodic table         (9.4)                  

 Pacing:   4 weeks

Essential Question(s):

  1. What information about an element can be determined by using the periodic table?
  2. How do atoms achieve stability?
  3. What are acids and bases?
  4. What is the importance of acids and bases in our daily lives?

Big Idea(s):

  1. The periodic table is a valuable tool in determining atomic number, mass number, valence electrons, energy levels, stability, whether it is a metal or nonmetal, and charges.
  2. Electrons are transferred (ionic bonding) or shared (covalent bonding) to achieve stability, by filling their valence shell. 
  3. Acids have an excess of hydrogen ions and bases have an excess of hydroxide ions.
  4. Acids and bases affect our daily lives in many ways, such as in food flavoring, household cleaners, and acid rain.

CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)

Describe the general structure of the atom. 


Compare and contrast ionic and covalent bonding.


Explain the chemical composition of acids and bases.


Explain the significance of valence shells

Use atomic number, mass number and particle to identify the number of electrons, protons, and neutrons in an atom

Explain how all known compounds come from combining elements through electron transfer (ionic bonding) or sharing electrons (covalent bonding).

Identify common acids and bases found in the household

Apply the pH scale to changes observed during neutralization reactions.

Explain acid rain and its effects to the environment

“Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)


Atomic  structure



Ionic and covalent bonds





Chemical composition acids and bases




Compare and contrast













2, 3, 4l 5, 6


Instructional Planning


Suggested Resources/Materials:

Smart board

United Streaming



Lab equipment


EEEP sheet (exciting example of everyday phenomena) 

Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

Interactive use of technology

Graphic organizers

Direct instruction

Cooperative group work

Hands-on learning

Independent classwork


Jigsaw activity/ student presentations 


Vocabulary/Word Wall


Interdisciplinary Connections


valence shell

atomic number

mass number




ionic bond

covalent bond



pH scale

neutralization reaction

acid rain


Diagram/assemble atom

Create ions

Ionic covalent bonding

Venn diagram (ionic covalent) or classification chart (atomic structure)


Q &A

Read about acid rain and present specific information to class

Acid rain lab

Blueberry lab

Place common household items on pH scale

pH of common items

neutralization reaction (BS and vinegar) 

Restoration of Westminster Abbey

Destruction of Washington, DC architecture and monuments