Periodic Table

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Subject:   Integrated Science                  

 Grade:   10

Unit 2:   Periodic table         (9.4)                  

 Pacing:   4 weeks

Essential Question(s):

  1. What information about an element can be determined by using the periodic table?
  2. How do atoms achieve stability?
  3. What are acids and bases?
  4. What is the importance of acids and bases in our daily lives?

Big Idea(s):

  1. The periodic table is a valuable tool in determining atomic number, mass number, valence electrons, energy levels, stability, whether it is a metal or nonmetal, and charges.
  2. Electrons are transferred (ionic bonding) or shared (covalent bonding) to achieve stability, by filling their valence shell. 
  3. Acids have an excess of hydrogen ions and bases have an excess of hydroxide ions.
  4. Acids and bases affect our daily lives in many ways, such as in food flavoring, household cleaners, and acid rain.

CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)

Describe the general structure of the atom. 

 

Compare and contrast ionic and covalent bonding.

 

Explain the chemical composition of acids and bases.

 

Explain the significance of valence shells

Use atomic number, mass number and particle to identify the number of electrons, protons, and neutrons in an atom

Explain how all known compounds come from combining elements through electron transfer (ionic bonding) or sharing electrons (covalent bonding).

Identify common acids and bases found in the household

Apply the pH scale to changes observed during neutralization reactions.

Explain acid rain and its effects to the environment

“Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)

BL

Atomic  structure

 

 

Ionic and covalent bonds

 

 

 

 

Chemical composition acids and bases

Describe          

 

 

Compare and contrast

 

 

 

 

Explain        

2,3

 

 

 2

 

 

 

2, 3, 4l 5, 6

 

Instructional Planning

 

Suggested Resources/Materials:

Smart board

United Streaming

PowerPoint

Readings

Lab equipment

Text/notes/handout

EEEP sheet (exciting example of everyday phenomena) 

Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

Interactive use of technology

Graphic organizers

Direct instruction

Cooperative group work

Hands-on learning

Independent classwork

Demonstrations 

Jigsaw activity/ student presentations 

 

Vocabulary/Word Wall

Enrichment/Extension

Interdisciplinary Connections

atom

valence shell

atomic number

mass number

electrons

proton

neutron

ionic bond

covalent bond

acid

base

pH scale

neutralization reaction

acid rain

 

Diagram/assemble atom

Create ions

Ionic covalent bonding

Venn diagram (ionic covalent) or classification chart (atomic structure)

Lecture/notes/discussion

Q &A

Read about acid rain and present specific information to class

Acid rain lab

Blueberry lab

Place common household items on pH scale

pH of common items

neutralization reaction (BS and vinegar) 

Restoration of Westminster Abbey

Destruction of Washington, DC architecture and monuments