Electrical and Magnetic Energy

West Haven Public Schools

Unit Planning Organizer

Subject:  Science                  

Grade:  4

Unit:   4.4 – Electrical and Magnetic Energy   

Pacing:  Marking Period 2

Essential Question(s):

1 - If opposites attract, why can you make a magnet move?  Can you move them without having them touch each other?  Or can you move them while objects are in-between them?


2 – Ever wonder what happens behind the light switch to make it work?  If you were able to get “behind” the light switch, describe how the energy transfers to turn on the lights.


Big Idea(s):

·        Electrical and magnetic energy can be transferred and transformed.

·        Magnets can attract or repel depending on the pole positions.


CT State Standards (includes West Haven’s “Priority” GLES’s in BOLD and “Supporting” Standards)

1. Construct complete (closed) and incomplete (open) series circuits in which electrical energy is transformed into heat, light, sound and/or motion energy. B INQ.


2.  Draw labeled diagrams of complete and incomplete circuits and explain necessary components and how components must be arranged to make a complete circuit.


3. Predict whether diagrammed circuit configurations will light a bulb.  B INQ. 1


4. Develop a method for testing conductivity and analyze data to generalize about what type of materials are good electrical conductors and which are good insulators.  B INQ. 3, 4, 5, 6


8. Investigate how magnets react with other magnets and analyze findings to identify patterns in the interactions of north and south poles of magnets.  B INQ. 5, 6


6. Describe materials that are attracted by magnets.  B INQ. 5


7. Design procedures to move objects and separate mixtures of solids using magnets.  B INQ. 3


8. Design and conduct fair tests to compare the attractive force of various magnets and identify improvements to the experimental designs.  B INQ. 3

 “Unwrapped” Concepts and Skills, and Bloom Levels (BL)

Concepts(Need to Know)

Skills(Able to Do)



4.4 Magnets/Electricity


Electrical Energy – heat, light, sound, motion



Factors – magnetic effects







Construct – circuits

Transform – energy



Investigate - factors










 “Dipsticks” (Informal Progress Monitoring Checks):

Investigation 1

Part 1 –  no. 3 student response sheet magnetic observations

Part 2 – no. 4 magnets

Part 3 – no. 5

Part 4- no. 6

 Can give parts of I-Check http://www.csun.edu/science/csp/foss/e&m/post-test.pdf

Starts on page 10- of pdf link to assess further  answers to correct in binder under benchmark assessment


Investigation 2

Part 1 – no. 7 The Flow of Electricity

Part 2 – no. 9 Bulbs

Part 3 – no. 10 Conductors and Insulators and no. 12 Making Connections

Can Give I-Check


Investigation 3

Part 1 -  no. 15 Advance connections

Part 2 – no. 16 Circuit design

Part 3 – no. 17 Rec. to the Board

Can give I-Check




Instructional Planning

Suggested Resources/Materials:

Foss Kits Activities:

 Investigation 1 –

Part 1 – 45 minutes

Part 2 – 45 minutes

Part 3 – 50 minutes

Part 4 – 45 minutes

Investigation 2 –

Part 1 – 40 minutes

Part 2 – 40 minutes

Part 3 – 40 minutes

Part 4 – optional – 60 minutes

Investigation 3 –

Part 1 – 40 minutes

Part 2 – 60 minutes – half class build series and other half build parallel

Part 3 – optional or for TAG – 40 minutes

Investigation 4 –

This has been tough to fit in.  It can be done, but if the other Investigations are done thoroughly, this one could be a great review and lead to higher level learning and application of taught lessons.


Concise definition of key vocabulary


http://science.pppst.com/electricity.html (HUGE RESOURCE!)

http://science.pppst.com/magnets.html (HUGE RESOURCE!)


Suggested Research-based Effective Instructional Strategies:

Vocabulary/Word Wall





Induced magnetism




Temporary magnet

Investigation 2



Circuit base

Closed circuit




Electricity receiver

Electricity source



Open circuit


Investigation 3

Parallel circuit

Series circuit












Interdisciplinary Connections

Leveled readers/Skill BuildersMagnets, Electrical  Circuits,  Magnetism and Electricity

Multiple choice are 1 point each.  Open ended are 0, 1, or 2.